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Wound Dressings Overview

  • Text
  • Dressings
  • Moist
  • Antimicrobial
  • Sizes
  • Varying
  • Impregnated
  • Absorbent
  • Secondary
  • Exudate
  • Provides
  • Factsheet
Independence Australia's health experts have developed a complete overview guide for different types of wound care products.

Wound Dressings Overview

Wound Dressings Overview Absorbent Dressings Alginate Dressings Antimicrobial Dressings Film Dressings Foam Dressings Properties Advantages Disadvantages Product forms • Either low absorbent or super absorbent pads. • Made from a variety of materials. • Super absorbent pads contain an inner absorbent core capable of absorbing moderate to high amounts of exudate. • Made from seaweed • Biodegradable. • Absorbs up to 20 times weight in wound fluid. • Used in moderate to high exuding wounds. • Delivers a sustained release of antimicrobial agents to wound bed. • Reduces likelihood of resistant bacteria developing in wound bed. • Typically gets its antimicrobial activity from silver, iodine or polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB). • Transparent, flexible, breathable adherent and non-absorbent wound dressings. • Have no intrinsic absorbency. • Made from thin sheets of polyurethane coated with layer of adhesive. • Hydrophilic (attracts fluid which aids in absorption). • Made from foamed polymer solutions (most commonly polyurethane) with small, open cells capable of holding fluids. • Use as a secondary dressing to absorb exudate. • Provides a moist wound-healing environment. • Suitable for bleeding wounds. • Keeps nerve ending moist. • Can reduce pain. • Antimicrobial agents are progressively released into wound bed. • Absorbs exudate and bacteria. • Aids autolytic debridement. • Promotes a moist wound healing environment. • Protects wound surface and maintains a moist wound healing environment. • Provides a barrier against microbes, chemicals, friction and fluid. • Allows moisture vapour and gases to escape but is water-resistant. • Can act as blister roof and second skin. • Can be used to reduce friction over bony prominences. • Maintains thermal temperature in wound. • Facilitates a moist wound environment. • Highly absorbent • Protects intact skin from friction. • Conforms to uneven body surfaces. • Must be removed carefully as the dressing is only low adherent and may stick to the wound. • Can cause peri wound maceration. • Usually require fixation to stay in place. • Can only be used on exuding wounds. • Requires a secondary dressing. • Must be cut to size of wound. • Must be changed daily to second daily. • May require fixation to stay in place. • Should only be used for short periods. • May be contraindicated for people with sensitivities and/or pregnancy. • Excessive exudate may pool under dressing and macerate surrounding skin. • Should not be used on fragile compromised skin because they strongly adhere to dry skin and can cause trauma to good skin when removed. • May macerate peri wound skin if it becomes saturated. • Need to ensure foam is laid the right way up. • Range of pad sizes • Rolls • Adherent and non-adherent • Varying sheet sizes • Ropes • Varying delivery systems, shapes, and sizes • Sheets • Ropes • Impregnated mesh • Paste • Powders • Varying sheet sizes and shapes. • New generation films are coated with silicone adhesive. • Some include a nonstick pad known as an island dressing. • Varying cavity filling shapes and sheets. © Independence Australia Group 2019. No part of this fact sheet may be reproduced in whole or in part in any manner without permission.

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Inform Editions

Inform issue 26 – Summer 2019
Inform issue 25 – Winter 2018
Inform issue 27 – Autumn 2019
Inform issue 28 – Spring 2019
Inform issue 24 – Autumn 2018
Inform issue 23 – Spring 2017
Inform issue 22 – Autumn 2017
inform issue 29 - Summer 2019
Inform issue 30 - Autumn 2020